MicroPython: Controlling Servo With ESP32/NodeMCU

Servos are exciting devices. We can get precise posting with minimal code, all you need is a controller that can produce PWM at 50Hz. In this post we will understand how to use ESP32 to control Servo. We will be using micropython to program ESP32/NodeMCU. The grate thing about MicroPython is that it is platform independent (mostly), which means code written for NodeMCU (ESP8266) can be used on ESP32 as well.

Controlling Servo with ESP
Controlling Servo with ESP

To use MicroPython on ESP32, First we need to load MicroPython Interpreter. Check out ESP32 – Getting started with MicroPython post to load interpreter and tools you can use with micro python. If you are using NodeMCU, then refer to this post

MicroPython has PWM support. You can find full documentation of PWM library here.

Environment requirements:

You need a ESP32 or NodeMCU

Machine with uPyCraft to load python files to the device

Controlling Servo:

Connect servo signal pin to GPIO2 of the ESP, you need to power the servo as well

Controlling servo with MicroPython
Controlling servo with MicroPython


All you need is couple of python lines to control the servo, how easy is that

import machine
p4 = machine.Pin(4)
servo = machine.PWM(p4,freq=50)
# duty for servo is between 40 - 115

The PWM method of machine takes two inputs, the pin to which you want connect servo (in case of ESP8266 you can choose one from 0, 2, 4, 5, 12, 13, 14 and 15) and frequency of the PWM signal. Most of the hobby servos work with 50Hz PWM, so we choose that. Then you can use duty method to set the angle

you can call servo.duty() method to change the set the servo angle


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